Modelling the Complex Socio-Technical Systems of Household Energy and Carbon Emissions: A System Dynamics Approach
As a result of the challenge of the climate change, Governments at different levels around the world are urgently seeking solutions to the problem of carbon emissions. This paper reports the modelling effort of the socio-technical systems (STS) of household energy consumption and carbon emissions (HECCE) from the system dynamics (SD) perspective. This is with a view to providing the policy makers with a policy advice tool regarding the HECCE in the UK. The study uses the pragmatist research strategy involving the collection of both qualitative and quantitative data to develop the model. The model captures the complex intrinsic interrelationship among the occupants, dwellings, and environment and subject same to both the qualitative and quantitative data. The paper discusses insights from the model regarding the future profiles of HECCE. The study concludes that the model in this paper can serve as a decision support tool for policy makers in testing different scenarios regarding the HECCE before implementation.
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